A non-breastfed child is 14 times more likely to die in the first six months
than an exclusively breastfed child, according to The Lancet.
Breast milk gives a baby everything they need
and costs only what it takes to feed the mother.
"In summary, WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of an infant's life. Thereafter, local, nutritious foods should be introduced, while breastfeeding continues for up to two years or beyond. Followup formula is therefore unnecessary. In addition, follow-up formula is not a suitable substitute for breast milk, due to its content."
WHO: Information concerning the use and marketing of follow-up formula - pdf, 165kb - 17 July 2013
See: Did you ever wonder what's in... ? Breastmilk - Formula - download pdf
Why it is important to share and act on this information
Babies who are breastfed are generally healthier and achieve optimal growth and development compared to those who are fed formula milk.
If the vast majority of babies were exclusively fed breastmilk in their first six months of life – meaning only breastmilk and no other liquids or solids, not even water – it is estimated that the lives of at least 1.2 million children would be saved every year. If children continue to be breastfed up to two years and beyond, the health and development of millions of children would be greatly improved.
Infants who are not breastfed are at an increased risk of illness that can compromise their growth and raise the risk of death or disability. Breastfed babies receive protection from illnesses through the mother's milk.
Breastfeeding is the natural and recommended way of feeding all infants, even when artificial feeding is affordable, clean water is available, and good hygienic conditions for preparing and feeding infant formula exist.
If a mother is HIV-positive, there is a risk that she can transmit HIV to her baby through breastfeeding. Counselling can help her carefully weigh the risks and make an informed decision on which feeding option is best for her baby and most manageable for her.
Almost every mother can breastfeed successfully. All mothers, particularly those who might lack the confidence to breastfeed, need the encouragement and practical support of the baby's father and their families, friends and relatives. Health workers, community workers, women's organizations and employers can also provide support.
Everyone has the right to information about the benefits of breastfeeding and the risks of artificial feeding. Governments have a responsibility to provide this information. Communities as well as media and other channels of communication can play a key role in promoting breastfeeding.
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Laying the Foundation for Combating Malnutrition in India
The importance of balanced nutrition and health
An initiative of HealthPhone
™, conducted under the aegis of Indian Academy of Pediatrics, in partnership with the Ministry of Women and Child Development, UNICEF, Aamir Khan and with support from Vodafone.
It is the World's Largest Programme to Battle Malnutrition amongst Mothers and Children
The objective of this nationwide campaign against malnutrition is to address issues of status of women, the care of pregnant mothers and children under two, breastfeeding and the importance of balanced nutrition and health. The focus is on women between 13 and 35 years of age and their family members.
The four Poshan videos are hosted on a dedicated WAP page iaphealthphone.org
and accessible to all Vodafone India subscribers on their mobile phones.
Vodafone India subscribers can also give a missed call on 1 800 120 8989 (toll-free) to receive a link to the WAP page via SMS.
|The Lancet Breastfeeding Series
- January 28, 2016
With a substantial development of research and findings for breastfeeding over the past three decades, we are now able to expand on the health benefits for both women and children across the globe. The two papers in this Series will describe past and current global trends of breastfeeding, its short and long-term health consequences for the mother and child, the impact of investment in breastfeeding, and the determinants of breastfeeding and the effectiveness of promotion interventions.
New Research Shows That Breastfeeding Matters Everywhere and Could Save Millions of Lives and Dollars
"Political commitment and investment in breastfeeding by governments, donors, employers and civil society is urgently needed to ensure the health of women and children and to shape a more sustainable future for all. UNICEF and the World Health Organization, in partnership with close to 20 organizations, are leading the charge to mobilize global action to raise political and financial investment to support breastfeeding. Together, we are working to remove barriers to breastfeeding and to give women the tools they need to make informed decisions to ensure their health and the health of their children for generations come."
Werner Schultink, Chief of Nutrition at UNICEF
Breastfeeding saves lives and it’s time for action
|Infant Feeding Support for Refugee Children
Infant Feeding Support for Refugee Children is a group of mothers and other interested people, working as volunteers, to gather and co-ordinate support for the infants (newborns to age two years old and beyond) fleeing war and thus caught in the refugee crisis. As a group we support the WHO recommendations on Infant Feeding
whereby milk, preferably mother’s milk, should be the only food given for the first six months and milk feed should be offered freely for a minimum of two years.
• support mother & infant
• educate, train & support volunteers
• educate public
• support IYCF-E aligned groups to fundraise
Infant Feeding Support for Refugee Children
- Digital friend of lactating mother - Android
Newborn baby’s cries and concern regarding hunger are very delicate issues especially for new mothers; they have a lot of questions related to breastfeeding and child nutrition. These questions often remain unanswered due to lack of access to a doctor, health worker, time or money. Which, in turn, often leads to wrong practices of using external milk or resorting to baby foods.
As per Breastfeeding Promotion Network of India [BPNI] and UNICEF training manual, Breastfeeding, if done in a right way, could bring down child mortality by up to 13 %.
To address such issues faced by lactating mothers, KEM Hospital Mumbai, UNICEF Maharashtra, Mumbai Breastfeeding Promotion Committee and Tata Consultancy Services collaborated and developed ShishuPoshan
, a mobile based Android application. This application provides answers to more than 100 questions, that mothers may have. It also helps mother to connect to trained health workers in select cities in India.
Download India version
[information in Marathi, Hindi and English] | Download International version
Press Release: WABA World AIDS Day Statement
Getting to Zero: Maximising Infant HIV-free Survival through Breastfeeding
2014 marks the final opportunity for celebration of the theme "Getting to Zero", adopted for the last five years to focus on the targets of zero new infections and zero AIDS related deaths. Progressively improved access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) between 2002 and 2012 has averted an estimated 4.2 million deaths in low- and middle-income countries. » download pdf
|HIV and Breastfeeding - The findings that transformed policy by Pamela Morrison, IBCLC
In honour of World AIDS Day
on December 1st, GOLD Lactation & Breastfeeding Conferences
has teamed up with The Mother and Child Health and Education Trust
in order to globally share a recording of a GOLD Lactation Conference 2013 presentation on the subject of HIV & Breastfeeding. GOLD Lactation Speaker Pamela Morrison, IBCLC
offers us invaluable insight on this topic with her presentation titled "Back to the Future on HIV and Breastfeeding: The findings that transformed policy
Pamela explores the research that influenced HIV and infant feeding policy. She describes a journey spanning promotion of maternal infant feeding choice in the face of an uncertain outcome to a clear recommendation based on up-to-date evidence about child-survival. Twenty-five years later breastfeeding enjoys a renewed endorsement regardless of a mother's HIV-status.
We invite you to view this presentation and share this education with your colleagues.
|International Society for Social Pediatrics and Child Health (ISSOP) Position Statement on sponsorship of paediatricians/paediatric societies by the Baby Feeding Industry
Infant and young child feeding is central to child health and, after birth, breastfeeding is the first act of provision by a mother for her child. For most of history no other third party was required to support infant feeding other than the mother and the surrounding family. It is only since the commercial development of breast milk substitutes in the nineteenth century that health professionals have become involved in their prescription.
"In recent years, the commercialisation of infant feeding has impacted on professional practice through the development of sponsorship by the Baby Feeding Industry of medical conferences and meetings, along with gifts to health workers.
It is the view of ISSOP that this sponsorship is damaging to the reputation of paediatricians, to the health of mothers and infants, and to the status of breastfeeding and this statement explains the reasons why we believe that such sponsorship should be terminated."
>> Download ISSOP Position Statement
ISSOP is hopeful that the Position Statement will be used with paediatric societies and associations around the world to ensure that paediatricians and other health professionals avoid conflicts of interest, and protect breastfeeding as one of the most health promoting measures in the field of child health.
*The term Baby Feeding Industry refers to all commercial companies which market infant formula or other infant feeding products.
Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding videos as a playlist - YouTube
Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding video in Marathi
Breastfeeding Channel videos on HealthPhone
WHO: Promoting proper feeding for infants and young children
Facts for Life: Breastfeeding -
Why it is important •
All key messages •
Supporting information for key messages:
The Baby-friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) is a global effort by UNICEF and the World Health Organization to implement practices that protect, promote and support breastfeeding. It aims to ensure that all maternities, whether free standing or in a hospital, become centers of breastfeeding support. Hospitals and maternity units set a powerful example for new mothers.
The "Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding" are the foundation of BFHI and summarize the maternity practices necessary to support breastfeeding. A maternity facility can be designated 'baby-friendly' when it does not accept free or low-cost breastmilk substitutes, feeding bottles or teats, and has implemented these 10 specific steps to support successful breastfeeding.
World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action [WABA]
WABA is a global network of organizations and individuals who believe breastfeeding is the right of all children and mothers and who dedicate themselves to protect, promote and support this right. WABA acts on the Innocenti Declaration and works in liaison with UNICEF.
|Understanding International Policy on HIV and Breastfeeding: a comprehensive resource
"Understanding International Policy on HIV and Breastfeeding: a comprehensive resource"
is a resource which aims to clarify the confusion which has arisen during the last decade due to changing HIV and infant feeding guidance. The resource is intended for policy-makers, breastfeeding advocates, national breastfeeding committees, public health advocates, women's health activists and others working in the community.
The resource also summarises up-to-date scientific evidence as at the end of 2012. Research emerging between WHO's 2006 and 2010 guidance documents showed conclusively that maternal/infant ARV regimens during pregnancy and breastfeeding greatly reduce vertical transmission of HIV; and that exclusive and continued breastfeeding significantly improves overall HIV-free survival.
| Section 2
| Section 3
| Section 4
| Section 5
| Section 6
| CD Cover
|21 Dangers of Infant Formula
Poster by World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action, July 2012
download pdf 2 pp. 4.0 MB
The poster shares information on the effects that Formula companies do not want you to know about. The evidence based references and sources of information are presented on the back of the poster.
Hesperian Health Guides
Hesperian Health Guides is a nonprofit health information and health education source that develops accessible materials in many languages. Access free information in Hesperian's related to breastfeeding.
Newborn babies and breastfeeding: Available in English, Arabic, Spanish, Filipino, French, Kreyol, Khmer, Swahili, Lao, Portuguese, Urdu
Breastfeeding from A Book for Midwives: Available in English and Spanish
Breastfeeding from Where Women Have No Doctor: Available in English and Spanish
Breastfeeding and caring for your baby from A Health Handbook for Women with Disabilities: Available in English and Spanish
More resources from Hesperian Health Guides
The Benefits of Breastfeeding - Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
5 June, 2016